Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) is located in the north-west of Pakistan. Its total area is 74,521 square km. It is bounded by Gilgit-Baltistan on the northeast, Azad Kashmir on the east, and Punjab on the southeast. A narrow strip of land belonging to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) borders it to the south and directly below that is Balochistan. KP and Balochistan do not share a border. FATA lies to its west and Afghanistan to its northwest. The total population of KPK in 1998 was 17.7 million. According to the 2011 Census Bureau of statistics Pakistan house listing operation, the population of KP was estimated to be more than 26.6 million. The main ethnic group in the province are the Pashtun or Pathan people; other smaller ethnic groups include most notably the Hindkowans, Dards, Chitralis Kalash and Gujjars.
The provincial language is Pashto, spoken by the majority as first language; Urdu, the national language, is widely spoken as a second language. English, the official language of Pakistan, is mainly used for official and literary purposes. The provincial capital and largest city is Peshawar.
Nature has gifted Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with rich cultural and tourism friendly environment. It has the potential of becoming a big tourist attraction in the world, due to its scenic beauty, geographical location, climate and natural resources.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is exceptionally rich in terms of multitudes of tourist attraction. The essence of this attraction is visible from the remarkable natural picturesque comprising beautiful rivers, splendid waterfalls, spell-bound lakes mostly in the mountainous region and green valley’s in most parts of the province. Due to its geographical location, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has had been a confluence of different civilizations which flourished and vanished with the passage of time.
The quasi contiguity of the province, with the Central Asian states and with xiangiang province of China attracted many migrants, businessmen, warriors and fortune seekers in different ages for settlement. The interaction among different races and their co-existence led to a rich cultural heritage. The glimpses of such heritage are evident from the Ghandhara archaeological sites at Gur Khattree Peshawar, Takh-Bahi (Mardan), Seri Behlol (Mardan), Shabaz Gari (Mardan) Nimo Gram Buddhist Stupa (Swat), and collection of Ghandhara art preserved at Swat Museum, Chakdara museum (Dir Lower) and Peshawar museum.